Mises Daily Articles
How to Fix the Jobs Problem
What is the disconnect? It comes down to affordability. Businesses right now can't afford to hire new workers. They keep letting them go. Therefore, unemployment is high, in the double digits, approaching 17% or more. Among black men, it is 25%. Among youth, it is 30% or higher. And the problem will continue to spread so long as there are barriers to deal making between hirers and workers.
Again, it is not a lack of work to be done. It is too expensive to pay for the work to be done. So ask yourself, what are those things that prevent deals from being made?
Let me list a few barriers:
The high minimum wage that knocks out the first several rungs from the bottom of the ladder
The high payroll tax that robs employees and employers of resources
The laws that threaten firms with lawsuits should the employee be fired
The laws that established myriad conditions for hiring beyond the market-based condition that matters: can he or she get the job done?
The unemployment subsidy in the form of phony insurance that pays people not to work
The high cost of business start-ups in the form of taxes and mandates
The mandated benefits that employers are forced to cough up for every new employee under certain conditions
The withholding tax that prevents employers and employees from making their own deals
The age restrictions that treat everyone under the age of 16 as useless
The social-security and income taxes that together devour nearly half of contract income
The labor-union laws that permit thugs to loot a firm and keep out workers who would love a chance to offer their wares for less
Now, that's just a few of the interventions. But if they were eliminated today, and it would only take one act of Congress to do so, the unemployment rate would collapse very quickly. Everyone who wanted a job would get one.
Depending on the credibility of the new approach, businesses would begin hiring immediately. It would be a spectacular thing to behold. However, the new approach would have to be certain and not something to be reversed in a couple of months. No one wants to invest in employees only to have them taken away. So there could be no expiration date on the new laissez-faire approach.
What is the objection to this approach? I seriously doubt that many people would dispute that it would work to end unemployment. But many people say, oh, this won't do at all. It is not just jobs we want. It is good-paying jobs!
If that's the case, you have to understand what is being claimed here. People are saying that it is better that people be unemployed rather than exploited at low wages. If so, it all comes down to your definition of exploitation. If $10 per hour is exploitation, we should be creating even more unemployment by raising the minimum wage. We could dis-employ all but a few by raising the minimum wage to $1,000 per hour.
In a market-based labor contract, there is no exploitation. People come to agree based on their own perceptions of mutual benefit. A person who believes it is better to work for $1 an hour rather than sit at home doing nothing is free to make that contract. In fact, a person who works for a negative wage — who pays for an internship, for example — is free to make that deal too.
I propose to you, then, a definition of exploitation that comes from the writings of William H. Hutt: violence or threat of violence implied in the negotiation of anything affecting the life of a worker or employer. In that sense, the present system is exploitation. Workers are robbed of wages. Employers are robbed of profits. Poor people and young people especially are robbed of opportunity.
Read any account of economic history from the late Middle Ages through to the 19th century and try to find any evidence of the existence of unemployment. You won't find it. Why is that? Because long-term unemployment is a fixture of the modern world, created by the interventionist state. "We" try to cure it and "we" ended up doing the opposite.
So it is hard for me to take seriously all the political plans for ramping up intervention in the name of curing unemployment. There is no voluntary unemployment in a free market, because there is always work to be done in this world. It is all a matter of making the deal.
All that stands between the present awful reality and 0% unemployment is a class of social managers unwilling to admit error. How much higher does the rate need to get before we admit the error of our ways?