Journal of Libertarian Studies

The Culture of Individualist Anarchism in Late 19th Century America

The Journal of Libertarian Studies

Individualist anarchism in America of the late nineteenth century revolved around and was expressed through Liberty, a periodical published and edited by Benjamin R. Tucker from 1881 to 1908. It served as a conduit for foreign thought, particularly that of Proudhon and Spencer; it introduced Max Stirner and egoism to America;’ it was the forum for lengthy, high-caliber debate on issues such as children’s rights, intellectual property, natural rights and economics.

Because Liberty mirrored the controversies and the personalities of its time, and because its editor- Benjamin R. Tucker- was the most influential of the individualist anarchists, it is natural to use Liberty as a textbook of libertarian culture of the late nineteenth century.

Volume 5, Number 3 (1981)


McElroy, Wendy. “Culture of Individualist Anarchism in Late 19th Century America.” Journal of Libertarian Studies 5, No. 3 (1981): 291–304.

What is the Mises Institute?

The Mises Institute is a non-profit organization that exists to promote teaching and research in the Austrian School of economics, individual freedom, honest history, and international peace, in the tradition of Ludwig von Mises and Murray N. Rothbard. 

Non-political, non-partisan, and non-PC, we advocate a radical shift in the intellectual climate, away from statism and toward a private property order. We believe that our foundational ideas are of permanent value, and oppose all efforts at compromise, sellout, and amalgamation of these ideas with fashionable political, cultural, and social doctrines inimical to their spirit.

Become a Member
Mises Institute