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Herbert Spencer

Works Published inThe Journal of Libertarian StudiesMises Daily ArticleLeft and Right

Herbert Spencer was one of the leading 19th-century English radical individualists. He began working as a journalist for the laissez-faire magazine The Economist in the 1850s. Much of the rest of his life was spent working on an all-encompassing theory of human development based upon the ideas of individualism, utilitarian moral theory, social and biological evolution, limited government, and laissez-faire economics.

The image comes from "The Warren J. Samuels Portrait Collection at Duke University."

All Works


War and Foreign Policy


“When men hire themselves out to shoot other men to order, asking nothing about the justice of their cause, I don’t care if they are shot themselves.”

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The Right to Ignore the State

Free MarketsPhilosophy and MethodologyPrivate Property

04/15/2021Mises Daily Articles
The rule of the many by the few we call tyranny; the rule of the few by the many is tyranny also ... "You shall do as we will, and not as you will," is in either case the declaration.
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The Man versus The State Audiobook

Political Theory

12/31/2014Mises Media
Freedom must also mean freedom from the state . Download the complete audio book here.
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On Moral Education

EducationPhilosophy and Methodology

Education is a perennially important and controversial subject, especially in a country as child-centered as the United States. Within libertarian ranks, an unlimited diversity of viewpoint prevails, ranging from rigorous traditionalists to ultra-progressives. Among the numerous Libertarians in the...
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On Moral Education

EducationPhilosophy and Methodology

08/06/2013Mises Daily Articles
Bear constantly in mind the truth that the aim of your discipline should be to produce a self-governing being; not to produce a being to be governed by others.
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