The German Question

Wilhelm Röpke

The German Question by Wilhelm Röpke is the book that inspired the postwar economic reform in Germany — which Röpke himself did not believe had gone nearly far enough. It came out in 1945 in Switzerland, one year after Mises’s Omnipotent Government and Hayek’s Road to Serfdom. It is more sweeping than the former (in a policy sense) and more radical than the latter (in a policy sense).

It is more than a plea to get rid of price controls. It is a call for wholesale moral, political, and economic reform, for in his view it was not enough to get rid of corrupt leadership but to completely purge the principle that the central state is in charge of the whole of society. A thorough de-Hitlerization would require dismantling the central state and restore the old city states, completely ending the monopoly on industry and education and medical care, and a restoration of sound money, not to mention free trade with the world.

It becomes clear why Röpke’s books were banned by the Nazis. What is not clear is why this wonderful book is not better known, except to say that it seems like most of Röpke’s writings from this period haven’t received the attention they deserve.

All these peculiarities of the structure of modern tyranny, whose ugliest and extremest form was Nazism, are marked by the entire dissolution of the values and standards without which our society, or any other, cannot exist in the long run: a pernicious anemia of morality, a cynical unconcern in the choice of means, which in the absence of firm principles become ends in themselves; a nihilistic lack of principle, and, in a word, what may be described literally as Satanism and Nihilism. Everything rots away, and finally there remains only one fixed aim of the tyranny, to which all moral principles, all promises, treaties, guarantees, and ideologies are ruthlessly sacrificed --the naked lust for domination, for the preservation of the continually threatened power, a power held on to for no other purpose than the continued enjoyment of all its fruits. The immorality of such a regime needs no arguing.

The German Question by Wilhelm Röpke
Meet the Author
Wilhelm Röpke

Wilhelm Röpke (1899-1966) was schooled in the tradition of the Austrians and made enormous contributions to the study of political institutions. His powerful anti-Keynesian writings in particular underscore what an outstanding economist he was and the extent to which he was influenced by Mises. Röpke defended sound money and free trade, and attacked welfare. He was a passionate advocate of laissez-faire.

Wilhelm Röpke
The market economy as a field of liberty, spontaneity, and free coordination cannot thrive in a social system that is the very opposite, writes Wilhelm Röpke (1899-1966). This audio Mises Daily is narrated by Harold Fritsche.
View Wilhelm Röpke bio and works

George Allen and Unwind LTD, London, 1946