America's Second Crusade
Was World War II a failure? It is an unthinkable thought in the American political ethos. but noted American journalist and author William Henry Chamberlin dares think it, from the vantage point of the immediate postwar world of 1950.
"Not one of the positive goals set forth in the Atlantic Charter and the Four Freedoms has been realized. There is no peace today, either formal or real. Over a great part of the world there is neither freedom of religion nor freedom of speech and expression. Freedom from fear and want is now an outstanding characteristic of the present age. The right of national self-determination, so vigorously affirmed in the Atlantic Charter, has been violated on a scale and with a brutality seldom equalled in European history."
Further: "No war in history has killed so many people and left such a legacy of miserable, uprooted, destitute, dispossessed, human beings."
The opponents of entry argued that even if totalitarianism was beaten in Europe, the war would bring socialism to the United States. Chamberlin argued that they were not only correct about this but there was also the bitter irony that totalitarianism was not in fact beaten in Europe.
"Stalin got what he wanted in Poland: a frontier that assigned to the Soviet Union almost half of Poland's prewar territory and the abandonment by American and Great Britain of the Polish government-in-exile in London.... Yalta put the seal on the process which had begun at Teheran of betraying the East Europeans who preferred free institutions to communism."
Chamberlain sums up in a quotation from a friend in Paris: "You know, Hitler really won this war — in the person of Stalin."
If you have ever been curious about the postwar attitude of those who oppose Roosevelt's march to war, this is your book. He makes a very strong case - and a courageous one given the times.
Henry Regnery Company, Chicago, 1950