The theory goes like this: capitalism combines with consumerism and advertising to make us sad, lonely, and forever chasing after material goods. So we consume endlessly and the Machiavellian capitalists reap the rewards. It's not a great theory.
Competition for wealth and social status was hardly created by the capitalist system. People have always competed for these things. Thanks to capitalism, though, this competition is now less violent, and true poverty is easier to avoid.
There is reason to believe low-interest rate policy has lowered productivity, lessened economic growth, and favored large firms at the expense of small firms and innovation. Greater inequality and stagnating wealth has resulted.
Anti-climate-change schemes will hit people in the developing world hardest. And when it comes to dealing with an uncertain future, poorer parts of the world are the places that will need fossil-fuel-powered technologies and capital most.