The Fraser Institute's Economic Freedom of North America report provides the method of evaluating the economic freedom of Brazilian states. Results suggest that Brazilian states' freedom scores have been declining.
Valuation of businesses must be based on appraisement, investment appraisal, and— terra incognita in Austrian economics—negotiation. Discounted cash flow and "relative valuation" methods are well-suited for negotiation purposes.
The purpose of this paper is to explain the marginal efficiency of capital. The net present value diagram is derived and used to illustrate how the interest rate regulates the intertemporal allocation of resources.