The Fraser Institute's Economic Freedom of North America report provides the method of evaluating the economic freedom of Brazilian states. Results suggest that Brazilian states' freedom scores have been declining.
Valuation of businesses must be based on appraisement, investment appraisal, and— terra incognita in Austrian economics—negotiation. Discounted cash flow and "relative valuation" methods are well-suited for negotiation purposes.
04/02/2018Quarterly Journal of Austrian EconomicsPhilip Ruys
The author rebuilds the theory of the Ricardo Effect around the alternative theses that a decline of investment by both the machine producing industries and the raw materials industries leads to the “scarcity of capital.”