By 1715, the manipulation of the currency, the increase in public debt, and the mismanagement of state finances had left France in poverty and chaos. Such was the state of affairs when John Law appeared in Paris.
The American economy could not recover from legislative onslaughts by both the Republican and then the Democratic administrations. Individual enterprise, the mainspring of unprecedented wealth, didn't have a chance.
Tracy's deductive methodology, his liberal approach to governmental affairs, and his subjectivism qualify him as a proto-Austrian economist who enjoyed considerable influence not only in France but also around the world.
Sumner is wrongly accused of being a "social Darwinist." Indeed, there is considerable evidence that the entire concept of "social Darwinism" as we know it today was virtually invented decades after Sumner's death.