Lessl’s field is rhetoric. The history of the relationship between faith and science shifted when the theological nucleus was removed and science was inserted. Rhetoric was left behind. Faith was erased in the middle of the nineteenth century. Kant was intensely hostile to Catholicism. He wanted to replace it with humanism.
Science evolved in three stages: The Medieval Period during 1100-1600; Baconian science 1600-1750 aligns science with the Protestant Reformation; and Positive science circa mid-18th century during which science was seen as the stable foundation for an enlightened society.
From the 2001 History of Liberty seminar.