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The Ludwig von Mises Institute

Advancing Austrian Economics, Liberty, and Peace

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LUDWIG VON MISES (1881-1973) 
Chronological Bibliography



"Begreifen und Verstehen" [Conception and Understanding]. Jahrbuch für Gesetzgebung, Verwaltung und Volkswirtschaft (Schmollers Jahrbuch). 54:2(1930)331-43. Discusses the difference between concepts in the natural and social sciences. In the latter, one must begin from an intuitive grasp of the 'inner' meaning of action. Included in Epistemological Problems of Economics French translation of Parts I-III, by P. Roubier and H. Mankiewicz. "Entendre et Comprendre"in Recueil d`Études en l`honneur d`Edouard Lambert(n.d.).

"Das Wirtschaftssystem des Interventionismus" [The Interventionist Economic System]. Mitteilungen des deutschen Hauptverbandes der Industrie(Teplitz-Schönau). 11:31(July 31, 1930)569-571.

"The Suitability of Methods of Ascertaining Changes in Purchasing Power for the Guidance of International Currency or Banking Policy." League of Nations.(October 10, 1930). Included in Money, Method, and the Market Process .


"Anpassung der öffentlichen Ausgaben an die Tragfähigkeit der Wirtschaft" [Adjustment of Public Spending to Economic Productivity]. Industrieller Klub. 351(December 10, 1930) A lecture given in Vienna, December 1, 1930.



The Causes of the Economic Crisis. A lecture before an assembly of German industrialists (Deutscher Hauptverband der Industrie) at Teplitz-Schönau, Czechoslovakia, February 28, 1931. An explanation of the reasons why the "great depression" persisted. 

First edition: Die Ursachen der Wirtschaftskrise: Ein Vortag [The Causes of the Economic Crisis: A Lecture]. Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr(Paul Siebeck), 1931. Originally published in two installments in Mitteilungen des Deutschen Hauptverbandes der Industrie.
Dutch translation by A.J. Bergsma: De Oorzaken van de Economische Crisis. Foreward by the translater. The Hague: Mouton & Co., 1933.
English translation by Bettina Bien Greaves: in On the Manipulation of Money and Credit, 1978.
Spanish translation of English translation from On the Manipulation of Money and Credit: "Las causas de la crisis económica." Libertas. 3:5 (October 1986) 213-239. Buenos Aires: La Escuela Superior de Económica y Administración de Empresas(ESEADE), 1986. Excerpt of Spanish translation in two parts. First installment not available. Continuation: Negocios y Bancos. 75(June 15, 1989) 24-25.


"Vom Weg der subjektivistischen Wertlehre"  [On the Development of the Subjective Theory of Value]. Probleme der Wertlehre, Part I. Ludwig Mises and Arthur Spiethoff, eds. Schriften des Vereins für Sozialpolitik. 183(Munich & Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, 1931)73-93. Discusses the origins of the subjective theory of value. As developed by Menger, value theory was in a position to solve problems that the British classical economists could not answer. Included in Epistemological Problems of Economics .

"Die psychologischen Wurzeln des Widerstandes gegen die Nationalökonomische Theorie"  [The Psychological Basis of the Opposition to Economic Theory]. Probleme der Wertlehre, Part I. Ludwig Mises and Arthur Spiethoff, eds. Schriften des Vereins für Sozialpolitik. 183(Munich & Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, 1931)275-95. Given the evident truth of marginal utility, why do some social scientists reject it? The reason ties in a general social trend of irrationalism. Reason is deprecated and romantic illusions prevail. Included in Epistemological Problems of Economics .

"Das festangelegte Kapital" [Inconvertible Capital]. Economische Opstellen: Aangeboden aan Prof. C.A. Verrijn Stuart [Economic Essays: Presented to Prof. C.A. Verrijn Stuart]. (Haarlem: De Erven F. Bohn N.V., 1931)214-28. It is not an argument against the efficiency of capitalism that 'excess' or unused capital exists. Given the need of producers for flexibility in meeting changes in demand, sometimes the most efficient course will be to hold productive assets in reserve. Included in Epistemological Problems of Economics .

"Unrentabilität als Prinzip" [Unprofitability as a Principle]. Allgemeiner Tarifanzeiger [General Price Reports]: Sonderausgabe aus Anlass des L. Jahrganges der Zeitschrift [Special 50th Anniversary Edition of the Periodical]. (1931)67-68.

"Die bankpolitischen Lehren der Krisis" [The Banking Theories of the Crisis]. Allgemeiner Tarifanzeiger. 31(August 1, 1931)1000-01.

"Die Krise und der Kapitalismus" [ The Crisis and Capitalism] Neue Freie Presse. #24099(October 17, 1931)13.

"Die Goldwährung und ihre Gegner" [The Gold Standard and Its Enemies]. Neue Freie Presse. In two parts: 24168(December 25, 1931)24; 24171(December 30, 1931)11.


"Die Stellung des Geldes im Kreise der wirtschaftlichen Güter"[The Role of Money in the Realm of Economic Goods]. Published in Volume II of a 4-volume Festschrift honoring Friedrich von Wieser. Die Wirtschaftstheorie der Gegenwart. Hans Mayer, ed.(Vienna, 1931/2)309-18. Gold must be regarded as an economic good: monetary theory is part of the general theory of utility. English translation in Money, Method, and the Market Process.



"Die Legende vom Versagen des Kapitalismus" [The Myth of the Failure of Capitalism]. Der internàtionale Kapitalismus und die Krise. Festschrift for Julius Wolf, April 20, 1932.(Stuttgart, 1932)23-29. Capitalism does not have internal structural defects that necessarily lead to depression and collapse. 

Polish translation: Legenda o selnáni kapitalismu" in Hospodárska Politika (21) 27 kvetna (1933)402-04.
English translation by Jane E. Sanders in The Clash of Group Interests and Other Essays, (1978)13-18.


"The Great German Inflation." Economica. 12:36(May 1932)227-34. Discusses causes of the 1923 German hyperinflation in the course of a review of Frank Graham, Prices and Production in Hyper-Inflation: Germany, 1920-1923 (Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1932. Reprinted in Money, Method, and the Market Process.

"Der Kampf um die englische Handelspolitik" [The Controversy over English Trade Policy]. Neue Freie Presse. 449(June 25, 1932)17. A review of the German translation of an anthology edited by Willism Beveridge.

Review of Rudolph Sieghart's Die Letzten Jahrzehnte einer Grossmacht: Menschen, Völker und Probleme des Habsburger-Reichs [The Last Decades of a Great Power: The People, the Local Inhabitants and the Problem of the Habsburg Empire] (Berlin, 1932). Economica. Vol. 38(November 1932)477-78. Sieghart's book is "a most brilliant history of the decay of the Austro-Hungarian Empire." Sieghart, the chief of the permanent staff of the Austrian Prime Minister and a leading banker, is praised for his policy of working for peace among the various nationalities of the AustroHungarian Empire.



Epistemological Problems of Economics . A compilation of essays, many reprinted from European economic journals, on subjective value theory, a priori theorems, the science of human action, the methodology of economics, and so on. more 

First edition: Grundprobleme der Nationalökomomie: Untersuchungen über Verfahren, Aufgaben und Inhalt der Wirtschafts- und Gesellschaftslehre. Jena: Gustav Fischer, 1933.
English translation by George Reisman. With a Preface to the English-language Edition by Ludwig von Mises. Includes "The Task and Scope of the Science of Human Action" written for inclusion in the 1933 anthology. Princeton: D. Van Nostrand Co., Inc., 1960.
Reprint of 1960 English translation with a new Foreword by Ludwig M. Lachmann (© Institute for Humane Studies, 1976). New York: New York University Press, 1981.
Italian translation of the 1981 English edition: Problemi Epistemologici dell`economia. Translated by Elda Guglielmetti. Edited by Lorenzo Infantino. (Series: I classici del`epistemologia). Rome: Armando, 1988.


"Planwirtschaft und Sozialismus" [Economic Planning and Socialism]. Neues Wiener Tagblatt. 78(March 19, 1933)2-3.

"The Return to a Free Foreign Exchange Market." Paris: International Chamber of Commerce, May 30, 1933. Mimeographed; cited(p.2n) by Howard S. Ellis in "Exchange Control in Austria and Hungary." Quarterly Journal of Economics. 54:1 (November 1939)1-186.

"Der Stand und die nächste Zukunft der Konjunkturforschung" [The Current Status of Business Cycle Research and its Prospects for the Immediate Future]Festschrift für Arthur Spiethoff (Munich: Duncker & Humblot, 1933)175-80. Discusses recent trends in business cycle research. Empirical work needs to be integrated with correct theory. 

English translation by Joseph R. Stromberg: "From Crank-Up to Crack-Up," The Libertarian Forum (New York). (June 1975)3-5.
English translation by Bettina Bien Greaves: "The Current Status of Business Cycle Research and Its Prospects for the Immediate Future" in On the Manipulation of Money and Credit, (1978)207-13.

"Mündiche Aussprache über die Wertlehre im theoretischen Ausschuss des Vereins für Sozialpolitik" [Discussion of Value Theory in the Committee on Theory of the Association for Social Policy], September 30, 1932, Dresden. Probleme der Wertlehre [Problems of Value Theory] Part II. Ludwig Mises & Arthur Spiethoff, eds. Schriften des Vereins für Sozialpolitik. 183:2 (Munich & Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, 1933) 1-12,37 & 116-20. Discusses the theories of value popular in the Verein für Sozialpolitik, the leading German academic association for the discussion of the social sciences. The members of this group were largely ignorant of economic theory and under the sway of the German Historical School. Othmar Spann is criticized here. Excerpt, "Der Streit um die Wertlehre" [The Controversy over the Theory of Value], included in Epistemological Problems of Economics .


"Senior's Lectures on Monetary Problems." Economic Journal. 43:171(1933)525-30. A review of Nassau W. Senior's lectures (Nos. 3,4 and 5 in the series of Reprints of Scarce Tracts in Economic and Political Science. London School of Economics and Political Science). In the guise of a review of Nassau Senior's lectures, Mises discusses contemporary monetary policy. Senior wrote about the same problems we face today. Mises defends the "automatic" balancing principle that operates under the gold standard. Reprinted in Money, Method, and the Market Process.

1934   Accepts a position as Professor of International Economic Relations 
at the Graduate Institute of International Studies, Geneva, 
Switzerland, while retaining a part-time association with the Austrian 
Chamber of Commerce in Vienna.


"Grundsätzliches zur Frage der Geldwertstabilisierung" [Fundamental Considerations With Respect to Monetary Stabilization]. Welt Wirtschafftswoche (Vienna). (April 1, 1934).

"Die österreichische Nationalökonomie" [The Austrian Economy]. Der Wirtschafter. (April 27, 1934)316-17.

"Bilanz des XIX Jahrhunderts" [The 19th Century on Balance]. Wiener Wirtschaftswoche. 3(December 25, 1934)51-53.


"Das Währungsproblem" [The Monetary Problem]. Mitteilungen des Verbandes österreichischer Banken und Bankiers. 16:10/11 (November 1934)271-77. Brief plea for the gold standard. Written to be incorporated as the Preface to the English translation(1934) of The Theory of Money and Credit.

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