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The Ludwig von Mises Institute

Advancing Austrian Economics, Liberty, and Peace

Advancing the scholarship of liberty in the tradition of the Austrian School

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Mises Made Easier
Percy L. Greaves Jr.


Zadruga, (Serbian). A rural community composed of a large family of from 15 to 70 related adult Slavs and their children. The members ate, lived and worked in communal family style. The house father and house mother assigned the tasks and apportioned rights according to each individual relationship to the founder. The house father occupied the hamlet's best and largest house with the common kitchen, dining and living rooms. The other houses were primarily crude sleeping quarters. The main occupations were farming, grazing and tending orchards and vineyards. No property could be sold except by common consent. In ancient times, Zadrugas were fairly common in the rural and mountain areas of what is now Yugoslavia and Bulgaria and a few of them continued down to recent years.

Zeus. The chief of the pantheon of the Greeks and the Greek counterpart of the Roman god, Jupiter, at about 1000 B.C. He was worshipped as the omnipresent, all powerful Father or Master of all Gods.

Zwangswirtschaft, (German). An economic system entirely subject to government control. "Zwang means compulsion, Wirtschaft means economy. The English language equivalent for Zwangswirtschaft is something like compulsory economy." ( Socialism: An Economic and Sociological Analysis. [Liberty Fund e-text, p. 529n.)

B. 65; HA. 764; OG. 56-58, 179n, 203-06, 225; PF. 24, 77; S. 529, 533, 584.

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